The February housing market index fell from 75 to 74 in
February which is still a very strong reading as the index is now 2 points off
its expansion high. The housing market is quickly becoming one of the hottest
areas of the economy. Homebuilders were helped by the warm weather in December
and January, while buyers love the low mortgage rates.
As you can see from the chart below, the share of consumers saying now is a good time to buy a house rose to 72% which is the highest reading since October 2017. Those citing mortgage rates as a reason to be optimistic rose to 41% which is the highest reading since September 2016. The average 30 year fixed mortgage rate was 3.49% in the week of February 20th. The 30 year yield is only about 8 basis points above its record low which it set last year.
In the week of February 14th, the MBA composite applications
index fell 6.4% weekly after it rose 1.1% in the week before. The purchase
index fell 3% weekly after falling 6%. However, yearly growth was 10% as the
housing market looks strong heading into the spring buying season. The
refinance index fell 8% weekly after rising 5%. With the recent decline in
rates refinancing has increased in the past few months. This is great for
consumers because they lock in lower mortgage payments for the life of the loan.
Highest Permits Since March 2007
The housing market was helped by warm weather in January,
just like the prior month. Starts fell slightly, which was much less than they
were expected to fall, while permits exploded higher. Last month, permits indicated
starts were about to come in. Now that’s not the case, although, we’d still advise
caution because the warm weather was a one-time benefit that happened to occur
twice in a row.
December housing starts were revised higher from 1.608
million to 1.626 million. In January they were 1.567 million which was down
from last month, but beat estimates for 1.42 million. The highest estimate was
beaten as it was 1.48 million. No one thought starts could stay that high, but
then we had a warm January. Q1 GDP growth will be helped by residential
investment. Even if starts stay strong, that won’t move the needle nearly as
much as consumption though.
In December, permits were revised from 1.416 million to 1.42 million. This report was much better as permits rose to 1.551 million which was the highest reading in nearly 13 years as you can see from the chart below. Specifically, this was the highest reading since March 2007. Permits beat estimates for 1.453 million and the high end of the estimate range which was 1.47 million. Yearly growth of 17.9% was the highest since June 2015.
Even though overall starts fell, multifamily starts were up from 531,000 to 547,000 which was the highest total since July 1986. Millennials are moving into apartments in cities. There were 522,000 multifamily building permits which was the most since June 2015. That’s the 2nd highest reading of this expansion. The table below shows the details on the results. As you can see, multifamily growth was strong and growth was great in all geographic regions. To be clear, the South is the biggest region by far. It’s followed by the West, then the Midwest, and then the Northeast.
January Fed Minutes
The best way to summarize the January Fed Minutes is that the Fed is giving no indication that it will change rates in the next couple meetings. The Minutes said, the “current stance of monetary policy was appropriate.” That’s despite the market pricing in 1-2 rate cuts in the next year as the chart below shows.
The Fed stated, keeping rates the same “would give the Committee time for a fuller assessment of the ongoing effects on economic activity of last year’s shift to a more accommodative policy stance and would also allow policymakers to accumulate further information bearing on the economic outlook.” The Fed has a few more months to asses the impact of last year’s cuts if it takes a full year for a rate change to impact the economy like it thinks.
The Fed also discussed various ways it can set an inflation range it would be okay with rather than just having a 2% target. It will unveil its decision in mid-2020. Such ranges make sense because as it looks now, the Fed is consistently missing its target based on core PCE. The Fed keeps saying it would be okay with above 2% inflation, but it keeps coming in below its target. That’s very odd positioning. Why say you’re okay with the exact opposite side inflation has been on for years?
There were 3 options the Fed discussed. The first was an uncertainty
range which would tell markets how wide inflation could vary and still be
consistent with its target. The 2nd was an indifference range which emphasized
an inflation range policy wouldn’t need to respond to if it stays within it.
The third was an operational range which could be used when the Fed wants to
favor one side. Whichever the Fed chooses will be a new approach to monetary
The Fed appeared to be living in the past when it mentioned that “keeping policy rates low to achieve both of the Committee’s dual-mandate objectives may contribute to a buildup of financial vulnerabilities, especially at times when the economy is at or above full employment.” We say this because the low unemployment rate and accommodative monetary policy hasn’t led to a big spike in household leverage as consumers deleveraged after the financial crisis.
The housing market is doing well according to the housing market index, consumer sentiment on housing, the MBA applications index, and housing starts & permits. The Fed doesn’t plan on hiking or cutting rates anytime soon. Based on recent inflation data, it appears core PCE inflation will rise to 1.8% in January which isn’t enough to move monetary policy. The Fed will update its inflation target by coming out with a new range in the middle of this year. The Fed is wrongly concerned about full employment causing a buildup of financial vulnerabilities.